Course Outline

AP Environmental Science Topic Outline

  1. Earth systems and resources
    1. Earth science concepts
      1. Geologic time scale
      2. Plate tectonics
      3. Earthquakes
      4. Volcanism
      5. Seasons
      6. Solar intensity and latitude
    2. The Atmosphere
      1. Composition
      2. Structure
      3. Weather and climate
      4. Atmospheric circulation and Coriolis Effect
      5. Atmosphere-ocean interactions
      6. El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)
        • El Niño, La Niña and the southern oscillation
        • El Nino and bacillary dysentery
    3. Global water resources and use
      1. Freshwater
      2. Saltwater
      3. Ocean circulation
      4. Agriculture, industrial, and domestic use
      5. Surface and groundwater issues
      6. Global problems
      7. Conservation
    4. Soil and soil dynamics
      1. Rock cycle
      2. Formation
      3. Composition
      4. Physical and chemical properties
      5. Main soil types
      6. Erosion and other soil problems
      7. Soil conservation
  2. The Living World
    1. Ecosystem structure
      1. Biological populations and communities
      2. Ecological niche
      3. Interactions among species
      4. Keystone species
      5. Species diversity and edge effects
      6. Major terrestrial and aquatic biomes
    2. Energy flow
      1. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration
      2. Food webs and tropic levels
      3. Ecological pyramids
    3. Ecosystem diversity
      1. Biodiversity
      2. Natural selection
      3. Evolution
      4. Ecosystem services
    4. Natural ecosystem change
      1. Climate shifts
        • Earth's climatic history
      2. Species movement
      3. Ecological succession
    5. Natural biogeochemical cycles
      1. Carbon
      2. Nitrogen
      3. Phosphorus
      4. Sulfur
      5. Water
      6. Conservation of matter
  3. Population
    1. Population biology concepts
      1. Population ecology
      2. Carrying capacity
      3. Reproductive strategies
      4. Survivorship
    2. Human population
      1. Human population dynamics
        1. Historical population sizes
        2. Distribution
        3. Fertility rates
        4. Growth rates and doubling times
        5. Demographic transition
        6. Age-structure diagrams
      2. Population size
        1. Strategies for sustainability
        2. Case studies
        3. National policies
      3. Impacts of population growth
        1. Hunger
        2. Disease
        3. Economic effects
        4. Resource use
        5. Habitat destruction
  4. Land and water use
    1. Agriculture
      1. Feeding a growing population
        1. Human nutritional requirements
        2. Types of agriculture
        3. Green Revolution
        4. Genetic engineering and crop production
        5. Deforestation
        6. Irrigation
        7. Sustainable agriculture
      2. Controlling pests
        1. Types of pesticides
        2. Costs and benefits of pesticide use
        3. Integrated pest management
        4. Relevant laws
    2. Forestry
      1. Tree plantations
      2. Old growth forests
      3. Forest fires
      4. Forest management
      5. National forests
    3. Rangelands
      1. Overgrazing
      2. Deforestation
      3. Desertification
      4. Rangeland management
      5. Federal rangelands
    4. Other land use
      1. Urban land development
        1. Planned development
        2. Suburban sprawl
        3. Urbanization
          • Urbanization
      2. Transportation infrastructure
        1. Federal highway system
        2. Canals and channels
        3. Roadless areas
        4. Ecosystem impacts
      3. Public and federal lands
        1. Management
        2. Wilderness areas
        3. National parks
        4. Wildlife refuges
        5. Forests
        6. Wetlands
          • Wetland
      4. Land conservation options
        1. Preservation remediation
        2. Mitigation
        3. Restoration
      5. Sustainable land-use strategies
    5. Mining
      1. Mineral formation
      2. Extraction
      3. Global reserves
      4. Relevant laws and treaties
    6. Fishing
      1. Fishing techniques
      2. Overfishing
      3. Aquaculture
      4. Relevant laws and treaties
    7. Global economics
      1. Globalization
      2. World Bank
      3. Tragedy of the commons
      4. Relevant laws and treaties
  5. Energy resources and consumption -> for overview see [1]
    1. Energy concepts
      1. Energy forms
      2. Power
      3. Units
      4. Conversions
      5. Law of Thermodynamics
    2. Energy consumption
      1. History
        1. Industrial Revolution
        2. Exponential growth
        3. Energy crisis
      2. Present global energy use
      3. Future energy needs
    3. Fossil fuel resources and use
      1. Formation of coal, oil and natural gas
      2. Extraction/purification methods
      3. World reserves and global demand
      4. Synfuels
      5. Environmental advantages/disadvantages of sources
    4. Nuclear energy
      1. Nuclear fission process
      2. Nuclear fuel
      3. Electricity production
      4. Nuclear reactor types
      5. Environmental advantages/disadvantages
      6. Safety issues
      7. Radiation and human health
      8. Radioactive waste
      9. Nuclear fusion
    5. Hydroelcetrc power
      1. Dams
      2. Flood control
      3. Salmon
      4. Silting
      5. Other impacts
    6. Energy Conservation
      1. Energy efficiency
      2. CAFE standards
      3. Hybrid electric vehicles
      4. Mass transit
    7. Renewable Energy
      1. Solar energy
        • Solar energy
      2. Solar electricity
      3. Hydrogen fuel cell
      4. Biomass
      5. Wind energy
      6. Small-scale hydroelectric
      7. Ocean waves and tidal energy
      8. Geothermal
      9. Environmental advantages/disadvantages
  6. Pollution
    1. Pollution types
      1. Air pollution
      2. Sources: primary and secondary
      3. Major air pollutants
      4. Measurement units
      5. Smog
      6. Acid deposition: causes and effects
      7. Heat island and temperature inversions
      8. Indoor air pollution
      9. Remediation and reduction strategies
      10. Clean Air Act and other relevant laws
      11. Noise pollution
        1. Sources
        2. Effects
        3. Control measures
      12. Water pollution
        1. Types
        2. Sources, causes, and effects
        3. Cultural eutrophication
        4. Groundwater pollution
        5. Maintaining water quality
        6. Water purification
        7. Sewage treatment/septic systems
        8. Clean Water Act and other relevant laws

 

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Citation: Lindblom, J. (2012). Course Outline. Retrieved from http://www.trunitydemo3.net/boxford_classroom/view/article/174097

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